RFID Logistics and Supply Chain Management Solutions
The logistics and supply chain management system uses RFID electronic tags as the information carrier of items in the process of logistics and supply chain management, and uses RFID readers and handheld data collectors as information collection devices to realize storage in the process of logistics and supply chain management Fast, automatic, effective, and batch collection of information in key operation links such as warehouse delivery, inventory, transportation, and warehouse transfer, to realize automated management of information collection in logistics and supply chain management, and to improve the level and efficiency of logistics and supply chain management .
1. Analysis of current situation of logistics and supply chain management
Logistics and supply chain management play a very important role in the entire management process of an enterprise. If timely and accurate supply chain management such as warehousing, warehousing, logistics and inventory control cannot be guaranteed, it will bring huge losses to the enterprise. Not only is it manifested as an increase in various management expenses, but it will also make it difficult to guarantee the quality of customer service, and ultimately affect the market competitiveness of enterprises.
The traditional logistics and supply chain management mode mainly relies on manual management, which has poor transparency. Logistics and supply chain management personnel do not have a good understanding of the entire warehouse storage situation, and lack real-time tracking management. Although with the popularization of computer applications, the logistics and supply chain management data of most enterprises have begun to use computer data system management, but the data is still collected and statistically compiled by first recording on paper and then manually inputting into the computer. This not only causes a lot of waste of human resources, but also due to human factors, the data entry speed is slow and the accuracy rate is low.
With the continuous development of enterprise scale, the number of items in logistics and supply chain management is increasing, and the frequency of in and out of storage has increased sharply. Logistics management and warehouse management operations have become very complex and diverse. Traditional manual warehouse operation modes and data collection The method has been difficult to meet the fast and accurate requirements of warehouse management, which has seriously affected the operating efficiency of the enterprise. Therefore, it is urgent to build an intelligent warehouse management system to improve logistics and supply chain management, improve the utilization rate of warehouse space, speed up the execution efficiency of storage operations, allocate labor reasonably, and improve production efficiency; thus achieving human resources, equipment utilization, logistics and supply The effective optimization of chain management improves the core competitiveness of enterprises.
2. Application of RFID in logistics and supply chain management
The RFID-based logistics and supply chain management system is to introduce RFID technology into the existing logistics and supply chain management, and to carry out the data of various operation links such as warehouse to goods logistics, distribution, storage, storage, transfer, inventory inventory, etc. Automated data collection ensures the speed and accuracy of data input in each link of logistics and supply chain management, ensures that enterprises can timely and accurately grasp the real data of inventory and in-transit, and maintain and control inventory reasonably. Using the system's warehouse location management function, you can grasp the current location of all inventory items in a timely manner, which is conducive to improving the efficiency of warehouse management.
By affixing RFID electronic tags on materials, the system can realize rapid and batch identification of materials, and accurately obtain relevant information of products at any time, such as material types, suppliers, delivery time, validity period, inventory, etc. Wait. The RFID logistics and supply chain management system can realize real-time monitoring of all links of materials from warehousing, warehousing, inventory, and storage, which can not only greatly improve the degree of automation, but also greatly reduce the error rate, thereby significantly improving logistics and supply chain. Management transparency and management efficiency; the application of RFID in logistics and supply chain management can help enterprises reduce costs and gain competitive advantages; The management of materials is more efficient, accurate and scientific.
System Architecture and Design
1. Overall design idea
RFID logistics and supply chain management system uses RFID electronic tags as the information carrier of items in the process of logistics and supply chain management, and uses RFID readers and handheld devices as information collection equipment to realize storage, The rapid, automatic, effective and batch collection of information in key operation links such as outbound, inventory, and warehouse transfer realizes the automatic management of information collection in logistics and supply chain management, and improves the level and efficiency of logistics and supply chain management.
2. System topology
RFID logistics and supply chain management solutions
The logistics and supply chain management system is composed of a central management subsystem, a warehouse operation management system, and a handheld terminal operation system. These systems are interconnected to realize the labeling, warehousing, warehousing, inventory, and transfer of warehouse materials. The fast and accurate collection of data in each operation link ensures that the enterprise can grasp the real data of the inventory in a timely and accurate manner, reasonably maintain and control the inventory of the enterprise, effectively improve the efficiency of warehouse management, and reduce operating costs.
Among them, the database server is the business core of the entire logistics and supply chain management system. Its main functions include data collection, data backup, and various application business modules such as: issuing warehouse receipts, material delivery documents, and material transfer documents. Issuance, material inventory document issuance, material query management, basic data management, warehouse authorization management, etc.
The label issuance subsystem is the starting point of materials in the storage life cycle. Its main function is to add electronic tags with material information on newly added materials to complete the information identification of materials in the system.
The identification and acquisition subsystem plays a supporting role in the warehouse management system. It mainly collects material data information in each operation link of the entire warehouse life cycle through RFID fixed readers and RFID handheld devices, and uploads the collected data to the database. , support system operation.
The whole system adopts BS structure, and the management center can support the management of multiple warehouses at the same time.
3. Interfacing with third-party systems
In the information construction and application of logistics and supply chain management, there may be third-party systems that need to be connected, such as the enterprise's ERP system, ERM system, etc. The logistics and supply chain management platform provided by Shanghai Yingxin Information provides standardized interfaces and open communication protocols to facilitate third-party systems to access the logistics and supply chain management platform through a unified interface, share data, and realize data exchange
1. Multi warehouse support
The system fully supports multi-warehouse management requirements. It can quickly realize centralized management of customers' warehouse networks distributed across the country through a set of systems. And effectively provide differentiated logistics and supply chain management services for a large number of different warehouses. Relevant warehouses can realize linkage operations to build an integrated inventory service system; centralized deployment, global perspective, global control and local coordination of various businesses, and real-time viewing of analysis and statistical reports.
2. Global inventory visualization
The system fully realizes the visualization of the global inventory of materials. Through centralized management, all warehouse inventories can be mastered, and the total inventory and distribution can be viewed from different angles. Realize precise warehouse management, inventory turnover control, and provide basis and support for allocation between warehouses and shifting within warehouses.
3. Powerful job rule strategy
The system provides powerful warehousing strategies, putting strategies, picking strategies, and inventory strategies; when the job order arrives at the warehouse, the system can meet various warehouse management requirements (such as first in first out, last in first out) according to the pre-established strategy , delivery by batch, etc.), optimize the warehouse operation line, save the workload of the operators, solve the bottleneck of the operation, and optimize the layout of the inventory.
4. Lean library operation management
The system subdivides the various operation modes in the warehouse according to material receipt, storage, shelf, picking, delivery, shifting, inventory, etc., and puts them into the job queue according to the tasks, and the operators in each warehouse area will automatically receive them. to the job task. Through the inventory log, the system completely records every system operation action and inventory changes, so that when a goods shortage occurs, it can be well documented.
5. Meticulous material attribute management
The system provides category management according to material categories and subcategories, and also supports the addition and management of detailed attributes of materials, mainly including: packaging, specifications, suppliers, origin, color, batch, batch number, shelf life, etc. It can make up for the shortcomings of the ERP system that cannot distinguish materials in detail and guide operations. Material attributes provide warehouse managers with a means of managing differences in the details of the same material.
6. Advanced RFID data collection operations
The system adopts the advanced RFID data collection operation method, which can realize the fast and accurate collection of data in each key operation link in the warehouse management system: storage, storage, inventory, and storage transfer, so as to ensure that the enterprise can grasp the real data of the inventory in a timely and accurate manner , to provide an effective basis for corporate decision-making.
System software function
The logistics and supply chain management system is mainly divided into three parts: the warehouse management center system, the warehouse operation management system, and the handheld terminal operating system.
The entire system architecture adopts the combination of B/S+C/S architecture.
In the logistics and supply chain management center system, the B/S structure is mainly adopted. The biggest advantage of the B/S structure is that it can be operated anywhere without installing any special software, as long as there is a computer with Internet access, it can be used. The expansion of the system is very easy, as long as you can access the Internet, and then assign a user name and password by the system administrator, you can use it. It is convenient for personnel with different authority in the logistics and supply chain management center to inquire and view relevant storage data at any time.
The C/S architecture is mainly used in the warehouse operation terminal. The biggest feature of the C/S architecture is that it is more convenient and quick to drive, manage and operate the local hardware equipment. There are many hardware devices. In order to facilitate local management and operation, we mainly develop the system on the warehouse operation side based on the C/S structure.
1. Software function of warehouse management center
The logistics and supply chain management center is the core part of the entire system. Its main functions include: material requisition management, material in-transit management, material arrival management, material storage management, material delivery management, material inventory management, and material allocation management , daily query, daily report, basic data maintenance, system management and other functions.
A. Materials requisition management
Internal personnel of the company log in to the system, and fill in the material picking application form in the system, fill in the relevant information of the materials to be picked, and apply for receiving the relevant materials.
Relevant leaders of the company can view the current material picking application form that needs to be approved by logging in to the system, and view related detailed information, and can approve or reject the material picking application of their subordinates.
B. Material arrival management
The material arrival management is mainly developed for the asymmetry of material arrival information between the warehouse management center and the warehouse, especially the management center and the agent storage, which leads to the inability of the material to be stored in time, and the management center cannot timely understand the relevant information of the goods. Its main functions include arrival viewing and arrival processing.
C. Material storage management
According to the authority of different personnel, material storage management in the logistics and supply chain management center is divided into two functions: the production of storage notice and the approval of storage notice, which realizes the production and distribution of storage notice, and facilitates the operation of the warehouse according to the The warehouse-in notice is used to check and accept the goods and put them into the warehouse.
D. Material delivery management
The material outbound management of the management center is mainly divided into two functions: the production of material outbound notices and the inquiry and approval of material outbound. After approval, the outbound notice will be submitted to the warehouse, and the warehouse administrator will carry out subsequent material outbound operations.
E. Material inventory management
The inventory of materials in the logistics and supply chain management center mainly includes three functions: inventory list creation, inventory list approval, and inventory post-processing.
The warehouse management center warehouse will form an inventory list according to the materials that need to be counted according to the warehouse inventory or customize the materials that need to be counted. After passing the approval, the inventory list will be sent to the warehouse operation end, and the warehouse management personnel will carry out the actual inventory operation. After the stocktaking results are fed back, the management center will carry out the post-inventory deficit and inventory surplus processing operations.
F. Material allocation management
The allocation and allocation management of materials is mainly aimed at the materials between different storage areas, and relevant processing is carried out when mutual material transfer is required. The warehouse management center actually adds or deletes the types, quantities, warehouses, etc. of the materials to be transferred according to the actual needs, forms a transfer notice, and submits it to the system. After approval by the relevant leaders, it is submitted to the warehouse administrator for subsequent operations.
G. Daily inquiry
The logistics and supply chain management system based on RFID technology provides a wealth of daily query functions, mainly including: single material query, inventory detail query, material in and out of storage query, daily alarm query and other functions. After logging in to the system, users can enter relevant query conditions to query relevant data information.
H. Daily report
The system can provide a variety of reports to facilitate the warehouse management center to check the information on inventory materials. The report types mainly include: non-dynamic detailed list, low-stock material early warning form, material classification inventory list, material delivery and storage list, and material delivery and storage summary table, etc.
I. Basic data maintenance
For a new logistics and supply chain management system, it is necessary to maintain and import the relevant basic data of the warehouse in the early stage to ensure the normal operation of the entire system.
The maintenance of basic data mainly includes the following two aspects: material information maintenance and storage area information maintenance.
J. System management
System management mainly includes log management, role management, and user management.
Log management is mainly to query all operations of the system to provide a basis for a process. It is mainly to find out the relevant operations performed by the user in the system according to the query conditions.
Role management is mainly for the management personnel with the highest authority in the system to define all existing role information in the system. And relevant role information can be added or deleted at any time according to actual usage.
User management mainly implements adding users and assigning user roles.